Terminology

Before we can begin to discuss about bicycles in more details, we must have a clear understanding of the various parts and how they are named. Here is a visual representation which highlights the most common parts of a bicycle:

Image source: http://www.giant-bicycle.com (Bicycle only). Modified by The bicycle Shopping Guide.

A bicycle is composed of many important parts. Here is a list of those you need to look at carefully when shopping.

  • The frame
  • The wheels
  • The transmission system (gears and shifters)
  • The braking system
  • The steering
  • The seat